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Sprinkler use in North America - A State-of-Practice Review
 
Sprinklers are used to protect structures from wildfire during wildland-urban interface (WUI) events across Canada. Traditionally, standard forestry equipment has been used in conjunction with impact sprinklers. Agencies are trying to determine if the standard practices and equipment used in wildfire suppression operations are the most effective for community structure protection.

The Forest Resource Improvement Association of Alberta has engaged with FPInnovations to conduct a state-of-practice review of water delivery systems (sprinklers) used in the wildland-urban interface. This review included the following key elements that framed FPInnovations conclusions and key messages:

   1. A literature review on the pathways and mitigation of structure ignition in the wildland-urban interface
   2. The development and analysis of a national survey on the use of sprinklers in Canada and a review of commonly used equipment
   3. A review of standards and codes specific to the WUI that relate to the use of sprinklers
   4. Observation and interviews of fire managers to identify pre-deployment and deployment best practices for sprinklers
   5. The documentation of wildland-urban interface case studies that describe actual sprinkler deployments

Contact:
 
Chad Gardeski Manager - Wildfire Operations
 
 
 
  Documents
     Executive summary: State-of-practice of water delivery systems (sprinklers) used in the wildland-urban interface
     Literature review – pathways and mitigation of structure ignition in the wildland-urban interface
     National survey on sprinkler use
     Sprinkler development key messages and best practices - as identified through interviews and observations
     Evaluating commercially available pumps for use in the wildland-urban interface - Mercedes Textiles’ Pumps - WICK 375, WICK 100G, WICK SI 300-10B
     Case study - Kenow wildfire - Alberta, 2017 - Structure protection in Waterton Lake National Park
     Case study – Elephant Hill Fire, British Columbia, 2017 - Low-volume, low-pressure sprinkler deployment in the community of Skeetchestn
     Case Study – West Babine River fire, British Columbia, 2018 - private citizens supporting the protection of their own infrastructure
     Case Study – Tolko mill yard, Heffley Creek, British Columbia - high-volume, high-pressure permanent sprinkler system
 
     Compendium - state-of-practice of water delivery systems (sprinklers) used in the wildland-urban interface
 
   © FPInnovations 2019